Brief History of Nueva Ecija ( September 2,1896)
DISCOVER NUEVA ECIJA
Successive evangelical missions and military expeditions shaped the founding
of Nueva Ecija and its development as a province during the Spanish settlement in Central Luzon from late 16th century to
the early decades of the 17th century.
Governor-General Fausto Cruzat Y Gongora established a commandancia
or an advanced military outpost to protect the flourishing missions in Upper Pampanga in1705. He named it Nueva Ecija after
his homeland in Ecija, Seville, Southern Spain, since both were washed by navigable rivers. The commandancia was raised to
the status of regular province and was separated from Pampanga in 1848. Since then, the new province underwent gradual territorial
changes. Many founded sitios became cabeceras that covered vast territorial jurisdiction. Later, towns or pueblos were established
due to growing population brought about by migration and continuous pursuit for productive agricultural land.
When General Basco Y Vargas declared some areas in Luzon in 1782 for large-scale tobacco production under government
control, Nueva Ecija drastically changed its agricultural activity from rice farming to tobacco growing. Its adverse effect
and people's dreadful experiences from the oppressive and repressive regime inflamed the hearts of the Novo Ecijanos to join
the Ilustrado-led revolution in 1869. The Novo Ecijanos who where members of the Principalia class or local officials who
sworn to protect the Spaniards secretly allied with the farmers and ilustrado class to form the revolutionary movement in
the province. Few days after the First Cry in Pugad Lawin, the first successful show of revolutionary force sparked in San
Isidro in September 2, 1896, known and celebrated today as the First Cry in Nueva Ecija. Gen. Mariano Llanera who was then
the Captain Municipal of Cabiao led the 3,000 katipuneros to attack the Factoria in San Isidro. It was the first time the
famous Llanera revolutionary flag was unfurled.
When the Spaniards were driven out in 1898, a revolutionary
government was established in Nueva Ecija with Felino Cajucon as head and San Isidro as the seat of Province Government.
During the Filipino-American War, Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo took refuge in Nueva Ecija, thus, making the province a
rebel territory. The seat of the First Philippines Republic was then transferred in San Isidro where it remained for more
than five months until October 11, 1899 when it too fell to the American forces.
With the cessation of
hostilities, a civil government was established in Nueva Ecija on June 11, 1901, and year after, the Provincial Capitol was
again transferred to Cabanatuan with Benito Natividad as Governor. In 1965, by virtue of R.A. 4475, Palayan City was declared
the new Capital of Nueva Ecija and the seat of government was transferred from Cabanatuan City to Palayan City on January
At the height of World War II, the Novo Ecijanos again joined forces to regain the sovereignty
of the Filipinos from the Japanese forces. On January 30, 1945, Capt. Eduardo L. Joson and Capt. Juan Pajota with their respective
guerilla units, collaborated with US 6th Ranger Battalion and the Alamo Scouts to rescue the remaining 516 survivors of the
infamous Bataan Death March who were incarcerated at the Pangatian Concentration Camp in Cabanatuan. The historic event is
considered today as the most successful rescue operation of its type in the annals of US military history.
Many events took place in the history of the Nueva Ecija that measured the strength and gallantry of every Novo Ecijanos.
Courage, heroism and respect for freedom are the strong legacies of Novo Ecijanos for the Filipino people that are epitomized
in the Philippines flag's sunrays.
GEOGRAPHY AND PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS
is situated in the eastern rim of the broad Central Luzon Plains lying between 120' 36' 28 to 121' 21' 45' east longitude
and 15' 09' 30' to 16' 09' 30' north latitude. The province is bounded and strategically located along three regional boundaries:
the province of Pangasinan (Region I) and Nueva Viscaya (Region II) in the north; the province of Quezon (Region IV) on the
Bulacan and Pampanga on the west.
Three mountain ranges protect and serve as natural barrier of the province:
Sierra Madre on the east; Caraballo on the west; and Cordillera on the north.
The Province is composed
of 27 municipalities and 5 cities and an aggregate total of 849 barangays. It has a total land area of 550,718 hectares where
63% or 330,726 hectares are alienable and disposable lands and the remaining 37% or 197,448 hectares are forestlands.
The terrain of the province is comprised of low lying alluvial plains and rolling uplands. The alluvial plains are
found in the western, central and southwestern parts bounded by the provinces of Tarlac, Pampanga and Bulacan. The rolling
uplands are in the northern, eastern and southeastern parts of the province.
Vast and untapped deposits
of metallic and non-metallic minerals can be found in the mountain and forest areas. Among the major non-metallic mineral
deposits are gravel, sand, white clay, black clay, bentonite, quartz, marble, red clay and feldspar. Copper and manganese
are the dominant metallic mineral deposits.
Nueva Ecija is landlocked province; hence, its water resources
are composed mainly of surface and ground waters. These water resources are being harnessed for irrigation, power generation,
aquaculture production, recreation and domestic use.
Four (4) major rivers namely: Pampanga, Malimba, Talavera
and Chico rivers; eleven (11) other creeks and numerous minor springs system have an aggregate total catchment area of 12,840
The prevailing climate in Nueva Ecija is Type II with distinct dry and wet seasons.
Rainfall starts as early as May and ends in December; its peak months are from July to August. Its relative humidity ranges
from 77% to 87% with an average of 80%. The prevailing temperature ranges from 21.8 to 34.4C with mean of 27.7C
PEOPLE, CULTURE AND ARTS
Nueva Ecija is dominantly a Tagalog-speaking province. Majority of 75%
of the population speaks Tagalog and 22% speaks Ilocano, while the remaining 3% speaks in Pampango and various dialects from
Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. Based on the 2000 census conducted by the National Statistics Office, the total population of
the province is 1,659,883 persons with an annual growth rate of 2.11% and population density of 301 persons per square kilometers.
The projected population for the year 2005 is 1,836,882 persons.
There are nine cultural communities in
the province with an aggregate total population of 33,473 families. Their settlements are concentrated in the mountainous
municipalities situated in the eastern and northern parts of the province. These are within the mountain ranges of Sierra
Madre, Caraballo and Cordillera. Farming, hunting and gardening are the sources of living of the indigenous communities. Intermarriages
between the members of the indigenous communities and people from the main stream gradually change the traditional practices
of the indigenous people.
Nueva Ecija is endowed with rich cultural heritage. The expansion of Christianity
and the influx of migrants from Ilocos region and Pampanga influenced the foundation of the unique culture of Nueva Ecija.
The province served as a melting pot of different cultures that molded the way of life of Novo Ecijanos. Their values and
spirituality are expressed in different unique ways and traditions that made Novo Ecijanos district.
town has flamboyant fiesta celebration that exhibits the people's humility and devotion in their patron saints. This is best
shown in Bibiclat, Aliaga where the famous Taong Putik or Nagsa San Juan ritual is celebrated during the Feast of Saint John
the Baptist every June 24. During the celebration, the devotees cover their bodies with mud and dried leaves. This activity
symbolizes the acknowledgement of their sins and humble appeal for forgiveness. After collecting candles for their offering,
the devotees proceed to the church to attend mass, which is a Eucharistic mass focusing on the observance of the patron saint
as the intermediary of the Holy Trinity and devotees. The ritual's unique, but solemn tradition unifies the community to move
on and continue living with greater aspirations and stronger faith in god.
Music is the form of art that
closest to the hearts of Novo Ecijanos. The National Artist in Music, Maestro Felipe Padilla de Leon, is a Novo Ecijano who
made use of music, not just a form of art, but as best instrument to express one's ideologies and aspirations for his country.
He was instrumental in the establishment of brass bands all over the municipalities of District IV of the province. The brass
band performances are the center of attraction in all festivities. In the celebration of Araquio or the lyrical presentation
of the Search of the Cross, the traditional brass band is the major accompaniment.
Novo Ecijanos are God-fearing
and have close-knit family ties. They work closely together with respect and gratitude. Sharing the fruit of their labor is
the normal practice among families in the community. Thus, making every Novo Ecijano family a strong brick in building a great
TRADE AND INVESTMENT
Agriculture is the primary industry in the province,
of which it became the Food Bowl and Rice Granary of Central Luzon. The primary agricultural products are rice, corn, onion,
garlic, melon, and mango. Its agricultural production covers an area of about 298, 742 hectares of fertile lands that are
nourished by the Great Pampanga Rivers and its many auxiliaries.
Nueva Ecija is the major onion producer
in the region. The municipalities of Bangabon, Rizal, Laur, Gabaldon and San Jose City are the major onion producers in the
Livestock, poultry and fish productions are other dominant economic activities in the province.
Recognizing that high cattle and carabao production an advantage, dairy production is considered as one of the fastest growing
industries in the province. The continuous support to the cooperatives and farmers to upgrade and increase the genetic potentials
of their native carabaos for milk, meat and draft and provide its continuous market is the flagship program of the draft and
provide its continuous market is the flagship program of the Provincial Government of Nueva Ecija and the Philippine Carabao
Slipper industry is also a growing business in the community level in Gapan City. The home-based
industries of slipper producers turned into a cooperative venture of the whole community to promote and market Novo Ecijano
made sandals and slippers.
Based on the Department of Trade and Industry report, investments in trading,
manufacturing and agri-related enterprises and export performance of food, gift, toys and house ware product line proudly
made by Novo Ecijanos; from metal to rattan and wooden crafts; and from novelty items to food products are showcased in the
Provincial Showroom or the NE-SME trade house and SME Centers in the province.
Nueva Ecija offers boundless
opportunities in agro-industry and agri-based trading activities to local and foreign investors. The province's vast, arable
and irrigated agricultural lands and support facilities optimize these opportunities. Various agricultural research and development
institutions are collaborating with the Provincial Government to achieve agricultural advancement and secure the food supply
not only in the province, but in the whole country as well.
TOURISM SITES AND DESTINATIONS
Minalungao National Park
Location: General Tinio, Nueva Ecija
Description: The site features the breathtaking view of narrow deep river that looks up to 16- meter high limestone walls.
At the end of white rock formation, is an enchanting cave that is perfect for trekking activities.
Location: Sabani Estate, Gabaldon, Nueva Ecija
Description: The waterfalls are surrounded by
green foliage and huge rocks. The bursting sound of its cool and refreshing waterbreaks the serenity of its environ. The place
is perfect for group picnics and adventure.
Location: Barangay Binbin, Carranglan,
Description: The site has three waterfalls that are surrounded by virgin vegetation. Going there is
already an adventure, because, the site is located amidst cultivated vegetable farms and forested areas.
Pantabangan, Nueva Ecija
Location: Pantabangan, Nueva Ecija
Description: The serene blue-sky glimpses
the 1.61 kilometer long dam enveloped by the picturesque view of Sierra Madre Mountains. The dam's clear water with an average
yearly in the sanctuary of tropical marine life and an inviting site for jetskiing and fishing. Pantabangan offers not only
its enormous man-made lake but also its guesthouse, the Best View Hotel and Restaurant. With its Spa and Beauty Cottage Salon,
swimming pool, tennis courts and water sports amenities, the tourists and guest enjoy the luxury and beauty of the placid
scenery of the dam.
PHILIPPINE RICE RESEARCH INSTITURE (PHILRICE)
Located in Maligaya, Science City of Munoz, Nueva Ecija. Its research programs cover rice varietal improvement,
planting and fertilizer management, integrated pest management, rice-based farming systems, rice engineering and mechanization,
rice chemistry and food science, social science and policy research and technology transfer.
FISHERIES AQUATIC RESOURCES-NATIONAL FRESHWATER FISHERIES TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER (BRAR-NFFTRC)
on the 25-hectare site within Central Luzon State University. It helps provide the policy framework on fisheries; extend the
support services necessary to make fishery and fishery based enterprises profitable; and formulate plans and undertake studies
for the proper management, accelerate development and proper use of the country's fishery and aquatic resources.
BUREAU OF POSTHARVEST RESEARCH AND EXTENSION (BPRE)
BPRE is an attached agency of the Department
of Agriculture and located within the CLSU compounds. Its R&D efforts are geared towards the following areas of concern:
wet grain handling; aflatoxin contamination in corn and peanut; pest infestation in storage; facilities development and utilization;
policy issues; post harvest entrepreneurship; and training and extension.
PHILIPPINE CARABAO CENTER (PCC)
Located at Science City of Munoz, Nueva Ecija. The PCC operates as an attached agency of the Department of Agriculture
and is mandated to conserve, propagate and promote carabao as a source of draft animal power, meat, milk and hide to benefit
the rural farmers. Its program has four major components: strengthening of the gene pool; wide scale upgrading; enterprise
development; and research and development.
CENTRAL LUZON STATE UNIVERSITY (CLSU)
started as an Agricultural School in 1907 and has now become a comprehensive university with multiple functions on administration,
instruction, research, extension, training and production.
FRESHWATER AQUACULTURE CENTER (FAC)
Its main responsibility is aquaculture with tilapia as its major commodity responsibility. Some of FAC breakthroughs
in research: 1. Development of a synthetic strain of Genetically Improved Farmed Tilapia; Sex reversal of tilapia; integrated
live-stock fish system; mass fingerling production.
FRUITS AND VEGETABLE SEEDS CENTER (FVSC)
Also located in Science City of Munoz, the FVSC is established by the Nueva Ecija Provincial Government with the support
of the Department of Agriculture and CLSU to develop quality fruits and vegetable seeds. The center has 10-hectares area for
production with pressurized irrigation system green houses, laboratories, conference rooms and modern farm machineries.
PHIL-SINO CENTER FOR AGRICULTURE & TECHNOLOGY
Situated in a 9.78 hectare area inside the
CLSU campus, PhilSCAT is the first collaborative project between the Republic of the Philippines and the People's Republic
of China through their respective departments and ministry. It was envisioned to make the Filipino farmers prosperous through
the adoption of modern and appropriate agricultural technologies such as hybrid rice and mechanization jointly developed and
evaluated by Filipino and Chinese scientists. PhilSCAT shall provide quality products and services to modernize the rice industry
and maximize the benefits for the various stakeholders.
DIVINA PASTORA NATIONAL SHRINE, Gapan City
On February 13, 1986, the Three Kings Chruch of Gapan City was
declared as the National Shrine of Virgen Divina Pastora.
The miraculous image of Divina Pastora believed
to be the protector of the people of Gapan City. Unending stories of miracles of the Virgen Divina Pastora trethened the faith
of the people. Hence, every May 1 of each year, people from different town and nearby provinces visit the church to pay homage
to the miraculous Divina Pastora.
SCHEDULE OF TOWN FIESTAS
February 8 & April 6
Cuyapo October 29
Guimba March 23-25
Licab February 24-25
Nampicuan December 8
Sto. Domingo April 23-24
Quezon February 1-3
Talavera May 14-15
Zaragosa April 4-5
Carranglan April 13-14
Llanera May 10-11
Lupao April 6-9
Munoz December 9
Pantabangan May 27-29
Rizal March 18-20
San Jose City April 20-23
Talugtug Last week of February
Cabanatuan City February 1-3
Gabaldon 1st Friday of March
Gen. Natividad June
Laur 1st Saturday of April
Palayan City December 6-7
Sta. Rosa May 14-15
Cabiao May 15-16
Gapan City January 6/May 1
Jaen May 4-5
Penaranda last Sunday of May
San Antonio January 16-17
San Isidro May 14-15
San Leonardo May 23-24/Aug 24
Parks, Farms and Other Interests
Location: Kampo Kuatro, San Jose City
The site features
landscaped hills and pagodas. On top of the hill, the panoramic view of Northern part of the province can be seen.
Dona Aurora National Park
Location: Brgy. Labi, Bongabon, Nueva Ecija
Located 100 meters away from the boundary arch of Nueva Ecija and Aurora, the park has ravines and cliffs that are ideal
for adventure activities.
Ostrich production in Nueva
Ecija is considered the first in Central Luzon. Its farm features ostrich production from breeding to meat production.
Gross Ostrich Farm; Located in San Leonardo, Nueva Ecija
NEPG Ostrich Farm; Located in Boyscout Compound, Palayan
Mount Olivete religious Sects Community
Location: Bongabon, Nueva Ecija
Climbing a hundred steps of curved stone, one reaches the church built by the Adarnista Spiritual Community on a hilltop.
Downhill, the community gathers in a clear, bubbling spring that believed to be medicinal and miraculous. At night, fireflies
enchant the evening in the barrio.
Different religious sects live harmoniously in the enchanted community.
Location: San Isidro, Nueva Ecija
The Sideco house
was built in the 19th century by Crispulo Sideco. It typifies the houses of the Floral period in the Philippine colonial architecture,
where ogee arches, filigreed wooden panels, grilles wrought in curlicues and floral and foliate designs abound in the house
as basic structural elements or as ornaments.
It had been the seat of General Emilio Aguinaldo's First Philippine
Republic when he established it as his headquarters in San Isidro during the last part of his odyssey from the American forces.
NUEVA ECIJA IN FOCUS
The Provincial Capitol of Nueva Ecija
The Nueva Ecija
Sports Complex, the future site of Palarong Pambansa
The Mayor Basilio B. Manuel Sr. Memorial Swimming
Pool and Aquatic Training Center is ready to serve the swimming enthusiasts, while the other facilities such as oval, baseball
field, archery range, grandstand are still under construction and set to be finished on 2006.
Ecija Convention Center, a promising venue, which is equipped with latest lights and sounds technology, caters for all convention,
incentives, congress and entertainment activities. The NECC is the provincial center of culture and arts
To support the convention activities and tourism industry, the Provincial Government will establish and operate the Nueva
Ecija Grang Hotel in Palayan City.
The Aquino-Diokno Shrine
Fort Magsaysay, one of the
biggest military camps in Asia and the training ground of the finest military generals of the Armed Forces of the Philippines.
This is also the site of the Aquino-Diokno Memorial Shrine, established to commemorate the struggle of Senators Benigno S.
Aquino Jr. and Jose W. Diokno during Martial Law and to dedicate to the spirit of freedom and the triumph of human spirit
Pangatian Shrine, located in Cabanatuan City, is one of the historical landmarks in the province. The POW memorial
shrine is maintained and managed by the American Battles and monument Commission, while the Pangatian Heroes shrine is owned
and being developed by the Nueva Ecija Provincial Government. Soon, the Hour of the Great Rescue, Sundial Monument and World
War II museum will rise in Pangatian Shrine
Museo Novo Ecijano, the Provincial Museum, located at the ground
floor of the Provincial Capitol in Palayan City. Established to feature the history and culture of Novo Ecijano people, the
museum is serving students and visitors from different parts of the region.
Soon, the Provincial Museum
will be transferred to its new designed to exhibit inter-active and educational dioramas using lights and sounds technology
and life-sized moving figurines.
While in Cabanatuan City
Contact Person: MRS. LETICIA UY
Tel. No.: (044) 463-7595
Contact Person: MRS. ARACELI ANG
Tel. No.: (044) 463-2203
DE LUXE RESTAURANT
Contact Person: MR IZZY YEE
Tel. No.: (044) 463-2218
Person: MRS MA. CRISTINA SALAZAR
Tel. No.: (044) 463-0452
Contact Person: MR. PEREGRIN DE GUZMAN
Tel. No.: (044) 464-1201
Contact person: MRS. LETICIA TALAVERA
Tel. No.: (044) 463-0769
Cafe CRISTINA RESTAURANT
Contact Person: MR DOMINADOR PAULINO
Tel. No.: (044) 463-0496
RETRO BAR & RESTAURANT
Contact Person: ARCH. AMADEO BERNARDEZ
Tel. No.: (044) 463-4436
Contact Person: MR. ALVIN BUYSON
Tel. No.: (044) 600-8945
CIRCLES BAR AND RESTO
Contact Person: MRS. IVY ROSE LIWAG-NAGA
Tel. No.: (044) 600-8945
JOEY'S SNACK HOUSE
Contact Person: MR. RAYMUNDO CRUZ
Tel. No.: (044) 463-3834
Person: MRS. EDNA GONZALEZ
Tel. Nos.: (044) 463-0387; 463-4827
**FAST FOOD CHAINS (Jollibee,
Mc Donald's, Kentucky Fried Chicken, Greenwich, Red Ribbon, Chowking, Kenny Roger's Roaster) are available at NE Pacific Mall
and Mega Center the Mall
While in Gapan City
Contact Person: MRS.
Tel. No.: (044) 486-0103
Hotels and Resorts
LA PARILLA HOTEL
Address: Zulueta St., Melencio Corner Cabanatuan City
Facilities: 44 rooms; fine-dining restaurant; function
rooms for meetings, conferences, banquets and other special events
Contact Person: MR. PABLO PADILLA
Tel. No.: (044) 463-1810
Address: Mabini Homesite, Cabanatuan City
Facilities: 36 rooms; swimming pool; function room
Contact Person: DR. WILSON VENERACION
Address: Burgos Avenue, Cabanatuan City
21 rooms; Chinese Restaurant; function room
Contact Person: MR. IZZY YEE
Tel. Nos.: (044) 600-0614
Address: 0728 Victoria Mansions, Bitas, Cabanatuan City
rooms; coffee shop
Contact Person: ENGR. LUALHATI B. AGUNOY
Tel. No.: (044) 464-1746
Address: Mampulog, Cabanatuan City
Contact Person: ENGR. CELSO FERRER
Tel. Nos.: (044) 464-3344; 4643355/66
PRIME RESORT AND HOTEL
Address: Mampulog Bitas, Cabanatuan
Facilities: 20 rooms, swimming pool
Contact Person: MS. CARMI BERNARDO
HUNTER VALLEY PLANTATION & RESORT
Address: Brgy. Cabu, Cabanatuan City
Facilities: 3 swimming pools; function rooms for meetings, conferences, seminars; 2 2-storey villas; 20 rooms; mini-zoo;
camping facilities; butterfly sanctuary; horse back riding and fishing amenities
Contact Person: MRS. FILIPINAS
Tel. No.: (044) 600-2524
ACROPOLIS NORTH WATER CAMP & COUNTRY CLUB
Address: Cabanatuan City
Email Add: firstname.lastname@example.org
Facilities: swimming pool, restaurant;
basketball court; badminton court; billiard tables; executive suite rooms and villas
Contact Person: MR. RUBEN
Tel. Nos.: (044) 965-2296 to 97
CENTRAL LUZON (Region III)
Province: NUEVA ECIJA
Capital: PALAYAN CITY
Number of Municipalities:
Number of Cities: 5
Number of Barangay: 849
Land Area: 550,718 has.
Mean annual temperature: 21.8˚C-34.1˚C
Population: (2000 Census) 1,659,883 persons
(Projection: 2005) 1,836,882 persons
Population Density: 301 person per square
Annual population growth: 2.11%
Annual life span: 71
Literacy rate: 96.3
Working age population
(15 yrs-above): 1,665,000
Employed: 63.29% or 609,000
36.71% or 391,000
Agriculture: 46.7% or 285,000
Industry: 11.1% or 68,000
Highly populated areas:
Cabanatuan City Gapan City
San Jose City Talavera
Least populated areas:
Major dialects spoken: Tagalog, Ilokano
Distance of Growth areas to Manila
Cabanatuan City 114 kms.
San Jose City 160kms.
Gapan City 94kms.
Palayan City 132kms.
Sta. Rosa 109kms.
Munoz Science City 147kms.
Approximate Travel Time (by land transportation)
Cabanatuan City - Manila 3-4 hours
City - CLARK (via Tarlac) 2 hours
Cabanatuan City - CLARK (via San Fernando City) 2-3 hours
City - Angeles City (via San Fernando City) 3 hours
Cabanatuan City - SUBIC 4-5 hours
are six (6) major buses stationed in the province namely: Baliwag Transit, Five Star, R.L. Transport, Arayat Express, RAM
Transit and Sierra Madre Transit plying the rough Manila as far as Appari. Baliwag Transit is the major bus company serving
the different municipalities in the province, in support of other forms of public utility vehicles that bound along the countryside.
Major agricultural crops
CROPS AREA HARVESTED (has) PRODUCTION (M.T.)
Rice (irrigated) 177,592.69
Rice (rainfed) 126,068.40 657,666.02
White corn 325 920
Yellow corn 1,785 10,710
Garlic 207 724.50
Onion 9,087.17 65,514.56
Tomato 1,570 47,153.50
String beans 825
Cucumber 130 1,993.20
Watermelon 1,550 6,750
Ampalaya 940 14,214
Eggplant 1,740 7,373.40
Mangoes 3,812.38 27,220.31
Livestock and Poultry
FOREST PRODUCTS LOCATION
A. Trees/timber Bongabon, Pantabangan
(Almaciga, Narra, Red/white Lauan, Carranglan,
Palosapis, Apitong, Dao, Bagtikan) General Tinio
Benguet Pine, Teak Carranglan
A. Bamboo Usually found in riverbanks
Rattan found at thickly forested area
C. Vines (labtong, anito) found at thickly forested area
Grasses (cogon, napier, tiger grass)
A. Resins(sap of almaciga)
B. Tennins (sap
of unknown tree)
C. Oil (sap of selected Pinnacea and Burseracea species)
Wild life: Orchids, ferns,
mushrooms, birds, deer, wild pigs, snakes
LOCATION APP. VOLUME
Placer Gold Palayan City
Manganese Carranglan Undetermined
Red Clay Talugtug Undetermined
Munoz Science City Undetermined
San Jose City Undetermined
Palayan City Undetermined
White Clay Laur, Carranglan Undetermined
Ball Clay Carranglan Undetermined
Bentonite General Tinio 1,135,500 M.T.
Palayan City 318,500 m3
Limestone General Tinio
Feldspar Laur 51,581,250 M.T.
General Tinio 4,000,000 CBM
Quartz sand Carranglan Undetermined
Copper General Tinio Undetermined
Talc San Isidro, Laur Undetermined
Gravel & Sand Abundant in all river systems
Roads and Bridges
Marketing and overall mobility of goods and services are
facilitated through the opening and improvement of farm to market roads, upgrading of national highways and other arterial
networks and improvements of rehabilitation of bridges.
At present, the road network in the provinces has a total
length of about 5,384 kilometers. The breakdown of which is:
DESCRIPTION TOTAL LENGTH in Kms.
National Roads 482.5570
Provincial Roads 696.962
Municipal Roads 449
There are 104 concrete and 2 temporary bridges. The total length of bridges along Provincial Roads is
9,972 linear meters.
Nueva Ecija has one of the biggest irrigation systems in the
country, the Upper Pampanga River Integrated Irrigation System (UPRIIS), which is served by the Pantabangan Dam and Reservoir.
The breakdown of total service areas by irrigation systems are given below:
SYSTEM # OF SYSTEM Has. IRRIGATED
National Irrigation System 1 92,382
Communal Irrigation System 9 22,527
Small Water Impounding
Pump Irrigation Projects 30 1,313
Shallow Tube Wells 7,327
Small Farm Reservoir 870 870
Diversion Dam 3 85
The power generating
capacity of the province's Hydro-Power Plant in Pantabangan is 112 MW and an additional 150 MW is supplied by the Casecnan
Multi-Purpose Irrigation and Power Project. The power supply of the province is enough even if the demand increases.
ELECTRIC COOPERATIVES THAT SERVE 633 BARANGAY OF THE PROVINCE:
Nueva Ecija Electric Cooperative
San Jose Electric Cooperative
Cabanatuan City Electric Corporation
Telecommunication services in the province are provided mostly by the private sector.
Telephone PLDT, RCPI, DIGITEL, BUTEL, & PT&T (Private franchise Operators)
Telegraphic offices of TELECOM
Postal Office 32 Postal offices and postal stations
Radio Station 5
Courier LBC, DHL, Kabayan Forwarders, FEDEX, JRS Express and ABOITIZ Express
8 Internet Service Providers:
JVC (Mozcom) and Worldlink
Cellsites Mobiline (40), SMART (12), GLOBE
Banks & Financing Institutions
The commercial, industrial and agricultural financing
needs of the province are being served by 57 rural banks, 48 commercial banks, 2 specialized commercial banks and 47 lending
institutions. Central Bank has also a branch in Cabanatuan City.
These banking and financing institutions
extend loans for agricultural, real estate, commercial, income-generating a livelihood projects.
Industrial, commercial and domestic water consumption largely depend on ground water supplied by privately-owned
deep well, hand pumps and local water utilities. There are 19 water districts operating in the province covering 56 percent
of the cities and municipalities:
Cabanatuan City Gen. Tinio
San Jose City Gen. Llanera
Munoz Science Community San Antonio
Sta. Rosa Talavera
Penaranda San Leonardo
Some 89,198 linear meters of flood control structures are in place at present at the following cities
San Isidro Llanera
Gen. Tinio Talavera
Gabaldon San Jose City
Jaen Cabanatuan City
Antonio Palayan City
Provincial Hospitals 3
District Hospitals 6
Medical Community 3
Rural Health Units 52
Main Health Centers 30
Barangay Health Stations 270
Military Hospitals 1
Vocational Technical 6
The Provincial Government continually pursues
improving school facilities. A total of 86 units of school buildings were constructed in year 2003-2004 to facilitate the
increasing number of students every school year. Gyms, multi-purpose halls and pathways are just some of the infrastructure
programs that are implemented to provide conducive environs for better learning
To make education accessible
to Novo Ecijanos, the Provincial Government established and operated its own college, the EDUARDO L. JOSON MEMORIAL COLLEGE,
in Palayan City. The ELJMC serves the poor but deserving students who dream to pursue college degree programs.
To support the sports development program of the Provincial Government of Nueva Ecija,
a sports complex equipped with state-of-the-art facilities is constructed. The complex has swimming pool, rubberized oval
Agricultural Machinery and Facility
Land preparation facilities: 36,095
Hand tractor 21,153
Irrigation pump 14,079
Four wheel tractor 863
Axial flow rice thresher 5,944
Grain cleaner 16
Drying facilities: 3,305
Multi-purpose drying pavement 3,096
Mobile flash dryer 181
Bed dryer 22
Columnar recirculating batch type 3
Curing bed 2
Tobacco dryer 1
Transport facilities: 2,845
Tractor trailer 1,879
Cart (animal drawn) 45
Trailer truck 6
Dumpling truck 1
Storage facilities: 1,743
Bulk storage 60
Cold storage 7
Bulk silo 5
Outdoor storage 1
Milling facilities: 680
Rice mill (multi-pass) 448
Rice mill (single-pass) 202
Feed mill 11
Hammer mill 8
Mobile rice mill 4
Rice mill (two-pass/multi-pass) 3
Oil mill 1
Harvesting facilities: 49
Root crop digger 1
Other facilities: 754
Knapsack Sprayer 753
Slaughter house 32
Dressing plant 2
10 Grain Drying Facilities are established in 10 strategic
locations in the province
LIST OF AFFILIATED TRADERS/SOUVENIR ITEMS
Address: Entablado, Cabiao, Nueva
Contact person: MR. RODRIGO REVOTE
Tel. No.: (044) 486-3143; 749-0814
CAMILLE'S QUILTS & CRAFTS INDUSTRY
Address: CLSU, Science City of Munoz
Contact person: MRS. MARCIA CRUZ
Tel. No.: (044) 456-5246
Product: quilted bags, t-shirts and novelty
Address: 12 Malimba, Gapan City
Contact person: MRS.
Product: Kitchenwares and ornaments
CLC FOOD PRODUCTS
Maharlika Highway, Marcus Dist., Talavera
Contact person: MS. CATHY ARMECIN
Tel. No.: (044) 411-7203;
Product: Dairy products
KABABAIHANG MASIGLA NG NUEVA ECIJA
farm. Ilog Baliuag, Quezon
Contact person: MRS. VILMA JOSON
Product: preserved fruits and candies,
NEFEDCO DAIRY PRODUCTS
Address: San Ricardo, Talavera
Tel. No.: (0918)
Product: Carabao's milk, pastillas, white cheese
PAPEL NUEBA ECIJA
48 Maharlika Highway, Bantug Science City of Munoz
Contact person: MR JOSE ALONZO JR
Tel. No.: (0919)
Product: Handmade papersheets, papercraft lanterns, frames and boxes
Address: 171 Ortega St., Brgy. San Pedro, Penaranda
Contact person: MICHELLE TORREGOZA
Tel. No.: (0917) 428-7222; (0919) 610-0216
Product: House oil, burner, table
Address: Valmonte St., Gapan City
Contact person: MERCEDITA TRINIDAD
Ecozone/Industrial Parks (PEZA APPROVED)
For Development: PALAYAN CITY AGRO-INDUSTRIAL CENTER
Barangay Atate, Palayan City (148 hectares)
Priority/Preferred Investment Areas
* Manufacturing/export-oriented enterprises
* Industrial Estate
* Power Generation
* Post harvest facilities
* Industrial tree plantation
* Build-operate projects
* Low cost housing
* High volume trading
* Leisure and tourism/eco-tourism projects
* Animal Feed Processing
Local Official 2013
: Aurelio M. Umali
Vice Governor : Gay G. Padiernos
: MARCIAL R VARGAS
Vice Mayor : ELIZABETH R VARGAS
AMELIA A GAMILLA
Vice Mayor : EDMOND E ARIVE
Mayor : GLORIA C CONGCO
Vice Mayor : ERNESTO S TALENS
: RESTITUTO A ABAD
Vice Mayor : CARMENCITA B NATIBO-OC
Mayor : AMADO R CORPUZ JR
Mayor : CINDERELLA E RAMOS
GABALDON (BITULOK & SABANI)
Mayor : ROLANDO S BUE
: JOBBY P EMATA
GENERAL MAMERTO NATIVIDAD
Mayor : LIBRADO L SANTOS
: EMMANUEL G MANUEL
GENERAL TINIO (PAPAYA)
VIRGILIO A BOTE
Vice Mayor : FERDINAND P BOTE SR
Mayor : JOSE FRANCIS STEVENS
Vice Mayor : NESTOR A BERNARDINO
Mayor : SANTIAGO R AUSTRIA
Vice Mayor : HENRY M VELARDE
Mayor : ALVARO
Vice Mayor : TEODORO S RIVERA
Mayor : WILFREDO S DOMINGO
Vice Mayor : LUISITO M CARAANG
Mayor : LORNA MAE B VERO
: RONNIE ROY G PASCUAL
Mayor : RICHARD M RAMOS
Vice Mayor : MANUEL F VENDIVIL
Mayor : UBALDINO A LACUROM
Mayor : CORA L VILLANUEVA
Mayor : ROMEO V BORJA SR
Vice Mayor : ROMEO R BORJA JR
Mayor : FERDINAND R ABESAMIS
Mayor : FERMIN D FRANCISCO JR
Mayor : MARIANO CRISTINO N JOSON
Mayor : MA. LOURDES C LAHOM
Mayor : EUGENIO D PLACIDO JR
Vice Mayor : BONIFACIO D
Mayor : ARVIN C SALONGA
Vice Mayor : JOSE R BALAGTAS
CESARIO I LOPEZ JR
Vice Mayor : EDGARDO T PAEZ
Mayor : FROILAN A NAGANO
Vice Mayor : EULINIO A NAGANO
Mayor : JOSEFINO M ANGELES
Vice Mayor : IRENE S BERNARDO
Mayor : LEONIDO D DE GUZMAN JR
Mayor : POLICARPIO N CATACUTAN JR
Mayor : NERITO L SANTOS
: FRANCIS VINCENT V DE LEON
Mayor : QUINTINO S CASPILLO JR
Mayor : FLORO C PAGADUAN JR
Mayor : LOVELLA D BELMONTE-ESPIRITU
Mayor : FRANCISCO L GABRIEL JR
On August 28, the Catholic Church celebrates the life of Saint Augustine of Hippo, the North African
educator who became one of history's greatest teachers of the faith after his dramatic conversion.
story of Augustine's upbringing and conversion is well-known to many through his autobiographical "Confessions."
In that work, Augustine recounts his birth in 354 to his pagan father Patricius and Catholic mother Monica - later St. Monica
- in the city of Tagaste. His parents' difficult marriage included a dispute over whether to baptize their children.
Augustine was nearly baptized during a childhood illness, but his father withdrew permission when he recovered.
During his adolescence, Monica's Christian influence over her son's life began to wane, giving way to the self-interested
pursuit of a secular education and career as well as social acceptance and romantic love.
age 16, Augustine traveled to Carthage to continue his education in rhetoric. There, the young student indulged the desires
of his heart and flesh, though he later admitted that this way of life brought him pain and torment along with its pleasure
and satisfaction. He was, as he later wrote, "scourged with the burning iron rods of jealousy, suspicion, fear, anger,
In 371, Augustine's father became a Catholic and received baptism. In his
search for stability and meaning, however, Augustine became an adherent of the Manichaean religion. His entry into this sect,
which regarded matter as evil and promoted "liberation" from the physical world, caused his mother intense grief.
So too did Augustine's fathering of an illegitimate child.
Haunted by questions about the nature
of good and evil, Augustine became disillusioned with Manichaeism. He turned to the later followers of Plato, whose concept
of God agreed in some areas with Catholic doctrine. Augustine also turned his ear to the preaching of St. Ambrose of Milan,
whose sermons removed some of his difficulties in believing the Bible.
As a professor of the
liberal arts, Augustine appreciated these intellectual arguments for God's existence and Church teaching. Ultimately, however,
his decision to be baptized would require a deeper conversion of his heart and will. This occurred in 386 when, at age 33,
he tearfully agreed to abandon his personal vices and enter the Church.
The intellectually restless
convert received Baptism from St. Ambrose on Easter of 387, shortly before the death of his holy and beloved mother Monica.
Having abandoned his academic career and sold his possessions, Augustine soon began his work as a Catholic apologist and theologian.
Not long after, a group of local believers persuaded him to enter the priesthood, which he did in 391.
From 396 until his death, Augustine served as the Bishop of Hippo in North Africa. He led a religious order of men
who lived in apostolic poverty without personal possessions. He also led the local Church through challenging times that included
the breakdown of Roman imperial authority and widespread confusion about basic Catholic beliefs.
a bishop, Augustine presented the faith in a compelling and intelligent manner, while warning his flock - both verbally and
in writing - about the danger of different heresies. These errors included Arianism, the denial that Jesus is God; Donatism,
the belief that corrupt clergy have no authority; and Pelagianism, which denied original sin and taught that humans could
achieve their own salvation.
In the last years of his life, Augustine saw the old Roman imperial
order undergo a violent and chaotic transition with an uncertain outcome. The Church, too, continued to struggle despite his
and other bishops' efforts. In the Vandal-besieged city of Hippo, St. Augustine died on August 28, 430.
After his death, through the legacy of his writings, St. Augustine became the most influential theologian in the
history of Western Christianity. Pope Benedict XVI, who once described the saint as his "traveling companion" in
life and ministry, has devoted six general audiences to St. Augustine's life and thought since his election.
In August 2010, the Pope spoke of "an important aspect of [Augustine's] human and Christian experience, which
is also timely in our day."
"All too often," Pope Benedict reflected, "people
prefer to live only the fleeting moment, deceiving themselves that it will bring lasting happiness; they prefer to live superficially,
without thinking, because it seems easier; they are afraid to seek the truth or perhaps afraid that the truth will find us,
will take hold of us and change our life, as happened to St Augustine."
life, the Pope observed, teaches all people - even those weak or challenged in their faith - "not to be afraid of the
Truth, never to interrupt the journey towards it and never to stop searching for the profound truth about yourselves and other
things with the inner eye of the heart. God will not fail to provide light to see by, and warmth to make the heart feel that
he loves us and wants to be loved."